South Tyrol invites mountain trekking enthusiasts and cyclists in summer, while in winter it opens its doors as a mecca for skiers. The region is completely mountainous, with the Eastern and Central Alps rising up here, including Ortles (3,905 meters), the highest mountain both in the province and in the entire Trentino-Alto Adige region. The Dolomites are also partly situated here. South Tyrol's precious nature is protected in a total of eight nature parks. The largest area is in the Stelvio National Park.
Today's South Tyrol has passed through various reigns throughout its history, traces of which we can still find here today. The most enduring was the domination of the Habsburgs, which lasted over five centuries. The evidence of the long history of the province are numerous castles, including the most important Castel Tirolo, Castel Roncolo with valuable frescoes preserved, and Castel Coira hiding an important collection of armor. A memento from the rule of the Austro-Hungarian Empire are several forts, including Fortezza. In addition to castles and fortresses, numerous churches, abbeys and monasteries deserve attention, such as Monte Maria Abbey, Novacella Abbey, Sabiona Monastery, St. San Candido, the Cathedral of Bressanone and the Cathedral of Bolzano.